Homemade Barbecue Sauce

Barbecue sauce on a grill

Homemade barbecue sauce is one of the best treats you can offer your friends and family. While bottled versions are quick and easy, a slowly simmered homemade sauce takes flavors and richness to a whole new level.

When searching for a recipe know that there are hundreds of different recipes and dozens of different styles of barbecue sauce. In the United States there are at least 12 different well-known regional styles, but each of these has countless variations. Every barbecue cook can customize a sauce to fit their specific tastes and needs.

Homemade Barbecue Sauce Styles and Recipes

Here is a brief rundown of some classic American regional barbecue sauces you can create at home.

Kansas City Sweet Sauce

This style is one of the most popular styles of barbecue sauce in the US. It is tomato-based with a sweet-tart flavor that is usually sweetened with brown sugar or molasses and balanced with vinegar.

This type of sauce isn't meant to marinate the meat, but instead provides a beautiful coating that caramelizes to form a crust.

Kansas City Sauce Recipe

Ingredients:

  • 2 cups ketchup
  • 1/2 cup dark brown sugar
  • 1 tablespoon onion salt
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons celery seeds
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons garlic powder
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons chili powder
  • 1 teaspoon ground black pepper
  • 1 teaspoon ground cumin
  • 1/2 teaspoon cayenne
  • 1/4 cup white wine vinegar
  • 2 tablespoons yellow mustard
  • 1 teaspoon lemon juice
  • 4 tablespoons butter

Directions:

  1. Combine all ingredients, except for the butter, in a saucepan and bring to a simmer.
  2. Cook on low heat for about 25-30 minutes stirring every 8 minutes.
  3. Add butter and stir until combined.

South Carolina Mustard Sauce

The Carolinas boast more regional sauces than anywhere else in the United States, and the only "cue" you will find here is pork, usually a whole hog that is cooked very low and very slowly and then pulled into juicy pieces that are mixed with the sauce and served on a plate or a bun.A mustard sauce is excellent with pork because the sharp flavors cut through the rich fat of the meat. These sauces are essentially a mix of yellow mustard, vinegar, sugar and spices. Some are sweetened with sugar, and some are more tart. When making your homemade barbecue sauce decide which style suits your taste best.

Sweet and Tangy Mustard Barbecue Sauce

Ingredients:

  • 1/2 cup yellow mustard
  • 1/4/ cup apple cider vinegar
  • 3 tablespoons dark brown sugar
  • 1/2 teaspoon paprika
  • 1/2 teaspoon Worchestershire sauce
  • 1/2 teaspoon white pepper
  • 1/2 teaspoon cayenne
  • 1/4 teaspoon black pepper

Directions:

  1. Place all ingredients into a saucepan and heat to a low simmer. Remove from heat and cool.

Western Carolina Barbecue Sauce

The citizens of the Western Carolina region like a peppery mop sauce. This version is made with tomato sauce or ketchup.

West Carolina Sauce Recipe

Ingredients:

  • 3/4 cup cider vinegar
  • 3/4 cup ketchup
  • 3/4 teaspoon red pepper flakes
  • Salt to taste
  • Pepper to taste
  • 1 teaspoon sugar
  • 1/4 cup water

Directions:

  1. Combine all ingredients in a saucepan and bring to a low simmer. Cook until the sugar dissolves and the ingredients are well blended.
  2. Spoon the final sauce over barbecued meats or chicken.

Texas Mop Sauce

Texas-style barbecue sauce is typically reserved for beef brisket. This sauce is traditionally thin and flavored with vinegar, chili powder, black pepper, cumin, hot sauce, onions and a bit of ketchup. It is often brushed over the brisket as it cooks.

Texas-Style Barbecue Sauce

Ingredients:

  • 2 cups ketchup
  • 1/2 onion, diced
  • 2 garlic cloves, minced
  • 1/2 cup Worcestershire sauce
  • 1/3 cup lemon juice
  • 1 tablespoon molasses
  • 1 tablespoon malt vinegar
  • 2 teaspoons salt
  • 2 teaspoons mustard
  • 1 teaspoon red pepper flakes
  • 1 teaspoon Tobasco

Directions:

  1. Combine all ingredients in a saucepan and simmer over low heat for about 10 minutes.
  2. Remove from heat and cool, then baste over beef brisket as it cooks.
  3. Serve reserved sauce on the side to mop up with the meat.

Tennessee Whiskey Sauce

Whiskey is a Tennessee staple, so it is only fitting that locals include it in their local sauce. Whiskey provides a little smokey tang and this sauce is perfect for just about any type of barbecued meat. Slather it on just before the meat is finished cooking.

Tennessee Sauce Recipe

Ingredients:

  • 2 tablespoons vegetable oil
  • 2 cups onions, finely chopped
  • 2 tablespoons garlic, minced
  • Salt to taste
  • Freshly ground black pepper to taste
  • 2 tablespoons dry mustard
  • 1 tablespoon chili powder
  • 1 tablespoon paprika
  • 2 teaspoons cayenne
  • 2 cups ketchup
  • 1/4 cup Worcestershire sauce
  • 1/4 cup cider vinegar
  • 1 cup beer
  • 1/2 cup Tennessee whiskey
  • 2 teaspoons ground cumin
  • 1/4 cup dark brown sugar
  • 2 tablespoons molasses

Directions:

  1. Heat the oil in a large saucepan and add the garlic and onions. Cook, stirring frequently, until onions are soft.
  2. Stir in the mustard, chili powder, paprika and cayenne. Cook for another minute and stir to coat the onions with the spices.
  3. Add the rest of the ingredients and stir till blended. Bring to a medium boil and then reduce to a simmer.
  4. Cook the sauce for about 25 minutes or until it has thickened. Add the water, if needed, to make the sauce of pourable consistency. Add salt, pepper and Tobasco to taste.

Memphis Dry Rub

Memphis Tennessee is renowned for its barbecue. The locals focus on ribs and pulled pork, which are coated with a distinctive spice rub that is based on paprika and a variety of other spices such as black pepper, chili powder and oregano.

Memphis Dry Rub Recipe

Ingredients:

  • 2 tablespoons paprika
  • 1 tablespoon black pepper
  • 1 tablespoon dark brown sugar
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons salt
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons celery salt
  • 1 teaspoon garlic powder
  • 1 teaspoon dry mustard
  • 1 teaspoon cumin
  • 1/4 teaspoon cayenne pepper

Directions:

  1. Combine all ingredients in a bowl and mix until well combined.

The Meat of the Matter

Now that you have an idea of the different styles of barbecue sauce, you will need to do some research into the traditional styles of barbecuing the meat. Every one of these sauces goes with a specific style of meat cooking. However each sauce will be just as good on a steak or a piece of grilled chicken as they will in the traditional manner that they are usually served. Have fun and experiment with the flavors and techniques!

Homemade Barbecue Sauce